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Morocco Communication


The postal, telephone, telegraph, radio, and television services are government operated. Telephone and telegraph services connect most towns, and cable service is available to France, Spain, and Gibraltar. In 1998 there were an estimated 1.3 million mainline telephones and about 116,645 cellular phones in use. Radiodiffusion Television Marocaine presents programs in Arabic, in Berber dialects, and in English, French, and Spanish. The television service, with studios in Casablanca and Rabat, presents daily programs in Arabic and French. A private television station, 2M International, began broadcasting in French and Arabic in 1989. As of 1999 there were 22 AM and 7 FM radio stations and 26 television stations. In 2000, there were about 243 radios and 166 television sets for every 1,000 people.

Morocco is in the midst of a campaign to deregulate and liberalise the telecommunications industry. In 2001 the country’s national telecommunications operator, Maroc Télécom (MT), was privatised. A Paris-based international media and telecommunications company owns a majority stake in MT. Following its privatisation, MT was deprived of its monopoly control over fixed-line and mobile telecommunications services. A Spanish-Portuguese joint-venture company competes with MT for both types of service. Although Morocco’s telephone system uses modern technology, fixed-line service is relatively underdeveloped; in 2004 only 1.3 million inhabitants used fixed-line telephone service, about 4 percent of the population. By contrast, Morocco had more than 9.3 million mobile phone users the same year, representing about 30 percent of the population. Morocco had 3.5 million internet users in 2005, but the internet is expensive to access and lags well behind the telephone in popularity.


Telephones - main lines in use
1.266 million (2006)

Telephones - mobile cellular
16.005 million (2006)

Telephone system
general assessment: modern system with all important capabilities; however, density is low with only 4 main lines available for each 100 persons
domestic: good system composed of open-wire lines, cables, and microwave radio relay links; Internet available but expensive; principal switching centres are Casablanca and Rabat; national network nearly 100% digital using fibre-optic links; improved rural service employs microwave radio relay
international: country code - 212; 7 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; microwave radio relay to Gibraltar, Spain, and Western Sahara; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Algeria; participant in Medarabtel; fibre-optic cable link from Agadir to Algeria and Tunisia (1998)

Radio broadcast stations
AM 27, FM 25, shortwave 6 (1998)

Television broadcast stations
35 (plus 66 repeaters) (1995)

Internet country code

Internet hosts
3,218 (2006)

Internet users
6.1 million (2006)





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