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Transnational Issues in Morocco
 
 
 

Disputes – International

Morocco claims and administers Western Sahara whose sovereignty remains unresolved. Morocco protests Spain's control over the coastal enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera, the islands of Penon de Alhucemas and Islas Chafarinas, and surrounding waters. Both countries claim Isla Perejil (Leila Island). Discussions have not progressed on a comprehensive maritime delimitation, setting limits on resource exploration and refugee interdiction, since Morocco's 2002 rejection of Spain's unilateral designation of a median line from the Canary Islands.

Morocco serves as one of the primary launching areas of illegal migration into Spain from North Africa. Algeria's border with Morocco remains an irritant to bilateral relations, each nation accusing the other of harbouring militants and arms smuggling. The National Liberation Front's assertions of a claim to Chirac Pastures in southeastern Morocco is a dormant dispute.

Trafficking in Persons

Morocco is a source, destination and transit country for men, women and children who are subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking. Moroccan adults and children are exploited for forced labour and forced prostitution in the Middle East and Europe. Some Moroccan girls recruited to work as maids experience conditions of forced labour, while some Moroccan boys are forced to work as apprentices in the artisan and construction industries and in mechanic shops. Women and children from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia who voluntarily enter Morocco are subsequently coerced into prostitution or, less frequently, domestic service. Women and children from Cote d'Ivoire, the Congo DR and Nigeria are also vulnerable to sex trafficking and, to a lesser extent, forced labour in Morocco.

Illicit Drugs

Morocco is one of the world's largest producers of illicit hashish. Shipments of hashish mostly directed to Western Europe. Besides that, Morocco is a transit point for cocaine from South America, destined for Western Europe. Morocco is also a significant consumer of cannabis.

 

 
 

 



 


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